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Cognizable Offence

Cognizable offence” means an offence for which, and “cognizable case” means a case in which, a police officer may, in accordance with the First Schedule of CrPC or under any other law for the time being in force, arrest  without warrant;

Non Cognizable Offence

A non cognizable offence is an offence in which a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrant. The police cannot investigate such offence without the court's permission.

Bailable offense

Bailable offence" means an offence which is shown as bailable in the First Schedule of CrPC, or which is made bailable by any other law for the time being in force;

Non-bailable offense

Non-bailable offence includes all those offences which are not included in bailable offence in the First Schedule of CrPC. Further, the First Schedule in its Second part at its end has defined non-bailable offence as the offences which are punishable with death, imprisonment of life or imprisonment for more than seven years.

preventive arrest/detention.

Under Section 151 of The Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 (CrPC) preventive arrest/detention is action taken on grounds of suspicion that some criminal activities may be done by the person concerned.

A police officer can arrest an individual without orders from a Magistrate and without any warrant if he gets any information that such an individual can commit any cognizable offense.


Last Updated: 19-07-2021 12:56 PM Updated By: Admin

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