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FIR Cases

First Information Report:

An FIR (First Information Report) is the earliest form and the first information of a cognizable offence recorded by an officer-in-charge of a police station.

Cognizable Offence:

Cognizable offence” means an offence for which, and “cognizable case” means a case in which, a police officer may, in accordance with the First Schedule or under any other law for the time being in force, arrest without warrant;

Non Cognizable Offence:

A non cognizable offence is an offence in which a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrant. The police cannot investigate such offence without the court's permission.

Who can Lodge an FIR:

Anyone who knows about the commission of a cognizable offence can file an FIR. It is not necessary that only the victim of the crime should file an FIR. A police officer who comes to know about a cognizable offence can file an FIR himself/herself.

If You can file an FIR -

  • You are the person against whom the offence has been committed
  • You know yourself about an offence which has been committed
  • You have seen the offence being committed.

 Procedure for filing an FIR:

The procedure of filing an FIR is prescribed in section 154 of the Criminal Procedure Code 1973. When information about the commission of a cognizable offence is given orally, the police must write it down.

  •  As a person giving information or making a complaint,  recorded by the police is read over to you.
  • Once the information has been recorded by the police, it must be signed by the person giving the information.
  • You should sign the report only after verifying that the information recorded by the police is as per the details given by you.
  • People who cannot read or write must put their left thumb impression on the document after being satisfied that it is a correct record.
  • It is your right to get FIR  at free of cost.

Points to be mentioned in the FIR:

  • Your name and address.
  • Date, time and location of the incident you are reporting
  • The true facts of the incident as they occurred
  • Names and descriptions of the persons involved in the incident
  • Witnesses, if any.

Last Updated: 19-07-2021 12:52 PM Updated By: Admin

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